Paterson kicked seven penalties from seven attempts - the highest penalty success for a Scot in the Championship - but flanker Simon Taylor took the RBS Man of the Match award on the occasion of his 50th Test cap.
Scotland coach Frank Hadden said: "We were the better side on the day. There's more to come from this side and I'm really proud of the performance. It was a well-balanced side and the win will be good for their confidence."
Hugo Southwell, Sean Lamont (Nikki Walker 69min), Marcus Di Rollo, Rob Dewey, Chris Paterson (captain), Phil Godman (Simon Webster 69min), Chris Cusiter (Rory Lawson 73min), Gavin Kerr (Allan Jacobsen 55min), Dougie Hall (Ross Ford 67min), Euan Murray, James Hamilton (Nathan Hines 48min), Scott Murray, Simon Taylor, Kelly Brown (Allister Hogg 55min), David Callam.
Kevin Morgan (Ceri Sweeney 45-51min), Mark Jones, Jamie Robinson, James Hook (Tom Shanklin 40min), Chris Czekaj; Stephen Jones (captain), Dwayne Peel; Duncan Jones (Gethin Jenkins 58min), Rhys Thomas (Matthew Rees 66min), Adam Jones, Robert Sildoli (Ian Gough 51min), Alun-Wyn Jones, Alix Popham, Martyn Williams (Matthew Rees 58min, Jonathan Thomas 66mins), Rhys Jones.
Replacement not used: Michael Phillips.